Accounting Services Singapore
How Different is Accounting from Bookkeeping Services
Bookkeeping may be the recording of financial transactions. Transactions consist of sales, purchases, income, and payments by an individual or organization. Bookkeeping is generally performed by a bookkeeper. Bookkeeping ought to not be confused with accounting. The accounting process is generally performed by an accountant. The accountant creates reports from the recorded monetary transactions recorded by the bookkeeper and files forms with government agencies. There are some common techniques of bookkeeping such as the Single-entry bookkeeping program and also the Double-entry bookkeeping system. But while these systems may be seen as "real" bookkeeping, any process that involves the recording of monetary transactions is really a bookkeeping procedure.
A bookkeeper (or book-keeper), also recognized as an accounting clerk or accounting technician, is a individual who records the day-to-day financial transactions of an organization. A bookkeeper is generally responsible for writing the "daybooks." The daybooks consist of purchase, sales, receipts, and payments. The bookkeeper is responsible for ensuring all transactions are recorded within the correct daybook, suppliers ledger, customer ledger, and general ledger. The bookkeeper brings the books towards the trial balance stage. An accountant may prepare the earnings statement and stability sheet using the trial stability and ledgers prepared by the bookkeeper
Two common bookkeeping techniques utilized by businesses and other organizations are the single-entry bookkeeping system and the double-entry bookkeeping program. Single-entry bookkeeping uses only earnings and expense accounts, recorded primarily in a revenue and expense journal. Single-entry bookkeeping is adequate for numerous small businesses. Double-entry bookkeeping requires posting (recording) each transaction twice, using debits and credits.
The primary bookkeeping report in single-entry bookkeeping may be the cash guide, that is similar to a checking (chequing) account register but allocates the earnings and expenses to various income and expense accounts. Separate account records are maintained for petty cash, accounts payable and receivable, as well as other relevant transactions for example inventory and travel expenditures. These days, single entry bookkeeping can be done with DIY bookkeeping software to speed up manual calculations.
Main article: double-entry bookkeeping system
A daybook is a descriptive and chronological (diary-like) record of day-to-day financial transactions also called a guide of original entry. The daybook's details should be entered formally into journals to enable posting to ledgers. Daybooks include:
- Product sales daybook, for recording all of the sales invoices.
- Product sales credits daybook, for recording all the product sales credit notes.
- Purchases daybook, for recording all the buy invoices.
- Purchases credits daybook, for recording all the purchase credit notes.
- Cash daybook, generally known as the money book, for recording all cash received too as cash paid out. It might be split into two daybooks: receipts daybook for money received in, and payments daybook for money paid out.
Petty money guide
A petty money book is a report of little value purchases usually controlled by imprest program. Items for example coffee, tea, birthday cards for employees, a few dollars if you're short on postage, are listed down in the petty money book.
A journal is a formal and chronological record of financial transactions before their values are accounted in general ledger as debits and credits. Journals are recorded in the journal daybook, which is one from the books of first entry. For every debit journal there should an equivalent credit journal. There must be at least two journal entries for every transaction recorded.
A ledger is a report of accounts, these accounts are recorded separately showing their beginning/ending stability. Unlike the journal, which lists monetary transactions in chronological order without showing their balance but displaying how much is going to be charged in each account. The ledger takes every monetary transactions from the journal and records them into the right account for every transaction listed. The ledger also sums up the total of every account that is transferred to the balance sheet and earnings statement. There are 3 various kinds of ledgers that deal with book-keeping. Ledgers include:
- Sales ledger, which deals mostly using the Accounts Receivable account. This ledger consists of the financial transactions made by clients towards the company.
- Buy ledger is really a ledger that goes hand and hand using the Accounts Payable account. This may be the purchasing transaction a company does.
- General ledger representing the original 5 primary accounts: assets, liabilities, equity, earnings, and expenses.
Chart of accounts
A chart of accounts is really a list of the accounts codes that could be identified with numeric, alphabetical, or alphanumeric codes allowing the account to be located within the common ledger.
Computerized bookkeeping removes many of the paper "books" that are utilized to report transactions and generally enforces double entry bookkeeping.
On the internet bookkeeping
On the internet bookkeeping, or remote bookkeeping, allows source documents and data to reside in web-based applications which allow remote access for bookkeepers and accountants. All entries made to the online software program are recorded and stored in a remote place. The on the internet software program can be accessed from any place in the world and permit the bookkeeper or information entry individual to work from any place with a suitable information communications link.
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